- What is high blood pressure?
- "Blood pressure" is the force of blood pushing against the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps out blood. When you have high blood pressure, your heart is working harder than normal to pump blood through your body. If blood pressure rises and stays high over time, it can damage the body in many ways.
- What is normal blood pressure?
- Normal blood pressure for adults is lower than 120 bystolic over 80 diastolic—written as 120/80 mm Hg.
- What causes high blood pressure?
- For 85% to 95% of people with high blood pressure, the cause of their high blood pressure is not known.
- What are the risk factors for high blood pressure?
- The likelihood of high blood pressure increases with age.
- What are the symptoms of high blood pressure?
- Often people with high blood pressure experience no symptoms unless their blood pressure is extremely high or they have had high blood pressure for a long time. It's important to remember that, if left untreated, high blood pressure can lead to serious complications.
- How is high blood pressure diagnosed?
- During a regular physical exam, a healthcare provider uses a sphygmomanometer to check blood pressure. This common device should be familiar to you: it consists of a cuff that has a bulb attached to it. The healthcare provider fastens the cuff around your upper arm, then inflates the cuff by squeezing the bulb. The healthcare provider then releases the air from the cuff and listens with a stethoscope for the sound of blood passing through the blood vessels. The pressure at which the sound is first heard is called bystolic blood pressure. The pressure at which the sound can no longer be heard is called diastolic blood pressure.
- What are the stages of high blood pressure?
Blood Pressure CategoryBystolic
mm Hg (top number)Diastolic
mm Hg (bottom number)NormalLess than 120andLess than 80Prehypertension120-139or80-89High Blood Pressure
(Hypertension) Stage I140-159or90-99High Blood Pressure
(Hypertension) Stage II160 or higheror100 or higher
- Where can I get support for dealing with high blood pressure?
- It helps to have someone in your life who understands your condition and knows why you have to make lifestyle changes. Make sure you share your feelings with people you love and get their support. You may even want to find a support group in your area. See the Associations and Organizations page of this website for additional resources.
- What are the treatment options for high blood pressure?
People with high blood pressure are urged to change their diet, exercise regularly, reduce dietary sodium, and limit alcohol consumption. If these changes aren't effective enough, your doctor may prescribe a medicine like BYSTOLIC.
While medicines work well for many people, not all medicines work well for everyone. If you feel that you are experiencing problems with your current medications, please speak with your doctor.
You should know that even with medication, making healthy lifestyle choices is recommended to help lower your blood pressure; it may help improve your overall health and make you feel better.
- How may BYSTOLIC help lower blood pressure?
BYSTOLIC may work in a number of possible ways to help reduce blood pressure. These ways may include allowing the heart to beat more slowly and less forcefully and relaxing blood vessels so blood flows more easily.
Within the last decade, BYSTOLIC has been studied in many clinical trials. BYSTOLIC has demonstrated efficacy in Black, Caucasian, Hispanic, older and younger adults, and male and female patients, and patients with Stage I and Stage II hypertension (high blood pressure).
BYSTOLIC lowered diastolic blood pressure (the bottom number) and bystolic blood pressure (the top number) when taken alone.
For most people, BYSTOLIC is taken once a day, alone or with other high blood pressure medicines, and with or without food. As with any medication, follow your doctor's instructions when taking BYSTOLIC. Generally, most people starting on BYSTOLIC will take 5 mg, once daily. Your doctor might increase your dose if you need greater blood pressure reduction.
- What are the possible side effects of BYSTOLIC?
The most common side effects reported by people taking BYSTOLIC in clinical studies are headache, fatigue (tiredness), dizziness (if you feel dizzy, sit or lie down and tell your doctor right away), diarrhea, nausea, insomnia (difficulty falling or staying asleep), chest pain, bradycardia (slow heartbeat), dyspnea (shortness of breath), rash, and peripheral edema (leg swelling due to fluid retention).
This is not a complete list of side effects. Side effects were experienced by ≥1% of patients in 3 trials that compared the effects of BYSTOLIC versus placebo.
Tell your doctor if you have any side effects that bother you or don't go away.
Pooled results from three U.S. phase III, 3-month, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, placebo-controlled trials of BYSTOLIC monotherapy for the treatment of mild to moderate hypertension (N=2016; n=1802).
- Can BYSTOLIC be added to other medicines?
BYSTOLIC is a prescription medicine that belongs to a group of medicines called beta blockers. BYSTOLIC is used, often with other medicines, to treat adults with high blood pressure (hypertension).
Treatment options for high blood pressure include beta blockers, ACE inhibitors, ARBs, CCBs, and diuretics. BYSTOLIC can be taken with many commonly prescribed high blood pressure medications. In clinical trials, blood pressure reductions were seen in people who took BYSTOLIC combined with ACE inhibitors, ARBs, and/or diuretics.
To avoid a potentially serious or life-threatening condition, tell your doctor if you are taking or plan to take any prescription or over-the-counter medications, vitamins, or herbal products, including:
- Certain CYP2D6 inhibitors (such as some antiarrhythmics like quinidine or propafenone or certain antidepressants such as fluoxetine or paroxetine, etc)
- Other beta blockers
- Certain calcium channel blockers (such as verapamil and diltiazem)
- Antiarrhythmic agents (such as disopyramide)
Ask your doctor for additional information about combining medicines.
Note: BYSTOLIC is only approved for the treatment of high blood pressure.