High Blood Pressure Glossary

Aerobic: Exercise that is performed at a moderate intensity over a long period.

Angina: Angina is chest pain or discomfort that occurs when an area of the heart is not getting sufficient oxygen. It often occurs with physical exertion and can be relieved with rest or certain medications such as nitroglycerin. It is often experienced as a kind of squeezing pressure or tightness starting behind the sternum (breastbone), radiating to the left arm and shoulder or up to the jaw. Angina is usually a symptom of underlying heart disease, such as coronary artery disease.

Asymptomatic: Having no signs or symptoms. High blood pressure is a "silent" condition because people who have it sometimes do not know they have it—they may not feel sick or have any obvious symptoms caused by the high blood pressure.

Beta Blocker: Medicine that slows the heart rate and reduces the force of heart muscle contractions, thereby lowering blood pressure. Beta blockers do this by blocking beta-adrenergic receptors, which prevents adrenaline (epinephrine) from stimulating these receptors.

Cardiovascular: The cardiovascular (or circulatory) system includes the heart and blood vessels. Blood is pumped around the cardiovascular system by the heart, bringing oxygen and nutrients to the organs and other parts of the body.

Cholesterol: A fat-like substance found in the body. There is good cholesterol (HDL) and bad cholesterol (LDL). Bad cholesterol can cause coronary artery disease.

DASH Diet: Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension or DASH, is a diet that encourages eating more fresh fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy products, and limiting saturated fat and salt.

Diabetes: A condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin or the cells do not respond appropriately to the insulin that is produced, leading to increased blood sugar levels.

Diastolic: The moment of minimum pressure in the arteries that occurs when the heart relaxes. It is the second number in a blood pressure reading (eg, the "80" in 120/80).

Heart Disease: Also called coronary heart disease or coronary artery disease, heart disease is a condition in which arteries that lead to the heart are blocked with plaque, blood clots, and other substances.

Heart Rate: The number of times the heart beats in 1 minute.

Placebo: An inactive substance, used mostly in controlled studies to test the effectiveness of drugs.

Retinopathy: Damage to the blood vessels in the eyes caused by high blood pressure.

Risk Factor: A certain characteristic or behavior that makes someone more likely to develop an outcome.

Sodium: An electrolyte that the human body requires to survive. Too much can be dangerous. The recommended daily allowance of sodium is no more than 1500 mg.

Sphygmomanometer: A device that is used to check blood pressure. It consists of a cuff that fastens around the upper arm with a bulb attached. The healthcare provider inflates the cuff by squeezing the bulb. The doctor then releases the air from the cuff and listens with a stethoscope for the sound of blood passing through the blood vessels.

Stethoscope: A device used by doctors to listen to a person's heartbeat and breathing.

Bystolic Blood Pressure: The moment of maximum pressure in the arteries when the heart contracts. It is 120 in a reading of 120/80.

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HAPPY
10th Anniversary Bystolic!

2018 marks BYSTOLIC’s 10-year anniversary.
BYSTOLIC has been prescribed to over 3.2
million adults with high blood pressure.

BYS113199 02/18
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